Jumat, 04 Maret 2011

16 Tenses


1. PRESENT TENSE
a. Simple Present Tense
Formula :
+ } S + V1 + O/C
- } S + Do/does + not + V1 + O/C
? } Do/does + S + V1 + O/C
Example :
+ } Sisca Reads book everyday
- } Sisca does not Read book everyday
? } does Sisca Read book everyday
·      Yes He does / No He does not (doesn’t)
·      For I, We, You, They = do
·      He, She, It = Does
Example Sentence :
(+) She is a new people here.
 (-) She isn’t a new people here.
 (?) Is she a new people here?
b. Present Continuous Tense
Formula :
+ } S + Be + V1 + ing + O/C            >>           + } They are playing badminton now
- } S + Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C   >>           – } They are not playing badminton now
? } Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C            >>           ? } Are they playing badminton now ?
·      Yes They are / no they are not
·      For I = am
·      They, we, you = are
·      He, She, It = Is
Example Sentence :
(+) He is playing badminton now
(-) He isn’t playing badminton now.
(?) Is he playing badminton now.
c. Present Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb+main verb
Example :
(+) you have eaten mine.
(-) she has not been to Rome.
(?) have you finished?
d. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + have/has + been + Ving
(-) : S + have/has + not + been + Ving
(?) : Have/has + S + been + Ving
Example :
(+) She has been going to Malang since evening.
 (-) She hasn’t been going to Malang since evening.
 (?) Has she been going to Malang ?
2. PAST TENSE
a. Simple Past Tense
Formula :
+} S+Be+Was/Were+O/C
-} S+Be+Was/Were+not+O/C
?} Be+Was/Were+ S+O/C
Example :
+} We were at school yesterday
-} We were not at school yesterday
?} Were we at school yesterday ?
·      For I, He, She, It = Was
·      They, we, you = were
Example Sentence :
(+) I saw a good film last night
 (-) I saw not a good film last night
 (?) Saw I a good film last night
b. Past Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + was/were + Ving
(-) : S + was/were + NOT + Ving
(?) : Was/Were + S + Ving
Example :
 (+) They were talking about sport when I met him.
 (-) They weren’t talking about sport when I met him.
 (?) Were they talking about sport when I met him.
c. Past Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb
(+) : S + had + V3
(-) : S + had + not + V3
(?) : Had + S + V3
Example :
(+) When my brother arrived , I had painted my motor cycle
 (-) When my brother arrived , I hadn’t painted my motor cycle
 (?) Had I my motor cycle , when my brother arrived ?
d. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb
Example :
 (+) When they washed my drees , your father had been playing badminton
 (-) When they washed my dress , your father hadn’t been playing badminton
 (?) When they washed my dress , had your father been playing badminton ?
3. FUTURE TENSE
a. Simple Future Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+main verb
Example :
 (+) President shall at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(-) President shall not at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(?) Shall President at Nederland the day after tomorrow?
b. Future Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb BE+main verb
Example :
(+) I will be writing a comic.
 (-) I will not writing a comic.
 (?) Will I be writing a comic ?
c. Future Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb
Example :
 (+) You will have forgotten me by then.
 (-) We will not have left.
 (?) Will they have received it?
d. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb
Example :
(+) I will have been reading a news paper.
 (-) I will haven’t been reading a news paper.
 (?) Will I have been riding a news paper ?
4. PAST FUTURE TENSE
a. Past Future Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + V1
(-) : S + would + not + V1
(?) :  Would + S + V1
Example :
 (+) They would buy a home the previous day.
 (-) They wouldn’t buy a home the previous day.
 (?) Would they buy a home the previous day ?
b. Past Future Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + be + Ving
(-) : S + would + not + be + Ving
(?) : Would + S + be + Ving
Example :
(+) I should be swimming at this time the following day.
 (-) I shouldn’t be swimming at this time the following day.
 (?) Shall I be swimming at this time the following day ?
c. Past Future Perfect Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + have + V3
(-) : S + would + not + have + V3
(?) : Would + S + have + V3
Example :
(+) He would have graduated if he had studies hard.
 (-) He wouldn’t have gone if he had met his darling
 (?) Would He have gone if he had met his darling ?
d. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + have + been + Ving
(-) : S + would + not + have + been + Ving
(?) : Would + S + have + been + Ving
Example :
 (+) Mrs. Anisa Munif would have been walking here for seventeen years
 (-) Mrs. Anisa Munif wouldn’t have been walking here for seventeen year
 (?) Would Mrs. Anisa Munif have been walking here for seventeen years?

10 komentar:

  1. nice blog! Ayo berbagi pengalaman tentang media belajar bahasa inggris gratis. Salam kenal dan kunjungi balik ya...

    BalasHapus
  2. terima kasih....
    membantu banget..semoga dpt bermanfaat..

    BalasHapus
  3. besalahan nih rumus!
    postingan copas aja

    BalasHapus
  4. Yoo, ni punyaku kalo berminat diliat...
    - want2with.blogspot.com -
    link download:
    http://www.ziddu.com/download/18022802/Tenses.rar.html

    BalasHapus
  5. Ni mba link download punyaku buat ajaran tambahan yg keren... Tolong dikoreksi ya rekan2 skalian...
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    BalasHapus
  6. makasih mba' postingannya membantu bangat.. aku copy yah mba'... mba' hebat.. punya ilmu yang bermanfaat buat semua orang.. thank you mba'.. :)

    BalasHapus
  7. kita juga punya nih jurnal 16 Tenses, silahkan dikunjungi dan dibaca , berikut linknya http://repository.gunadarma.ac.id/bitstream/123456789/5769/1/1.%20DOKUMEN%20PRESENTASI.pdf
    semoga bermanfaat yaa :)

    BalasHapus